##What are Occupational Standards?##
The National Occupational Standards (NOS) describe the skills, knowledge and understanding required to undertake a particular task or job to a nationally recognised level of competence. In 2002-03 the [IfA](http://www.archaeologists.net/) worked with the then Cultural Heritage National Training Organisation (CHNTO) on behalf of the [Archaeology Training Forum](http://www.archaeologyuk.org/training/atf.html), to [map a career structure for archaeology](http://www.archaeologists.net/development/nos). This project involved the establishment of National Occupational Standards (NOS) for Archaeological Practice and marked a change of attitude towards education and vocational training in archaeology.
##How they are used?##
NOS are agreed statements of competence which describe the work outcomes required for an individual to achieve the standard expected of them in work. They are the building blocks of S/NVQs but can be used in a number of other ways. They describe good practice in particular areas of work, provide managers with a tool for workforce management and quality control and can be used to write job descriptions or to identify skills gaps and plan training. For more information about NOS and S/NVQs see the [National Occupational Standards website](http://nos.ukces.org.uk/about-nos/Pages/About-NOS.aspx).
##National Occupational Standards for Archaeology 2012##